22

Mar

8:48pm
Kalatan Banerjee India
On Human Rights

On Human Rights

Kalatan Banerjee India//8:48pm, Mar 22nd '22

These days we see everyone concerned about restoring human rights wherever they are violated. We see human rights as an inalienable divine gift to humanity by some divine being, and nowadays it is so enmeshed with our political thoughts that without it we are not ready to recognize a society. The notion of human rights is not as straight forward as it seems to be. The origin of the concept is much more complex.

On July 4 ,1776, The United States adopted the “Declaration of Independence” to unify the thirteen states and becoming United States of America. The passage below sheds some light into the concept of human rights -

“We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights.”

This sentence states that human rights are such a thing which God has given us. So, the concept of human rights in the west was like this and still it continues. Here is a brief analysis of human rights.

Image

OBJECTIVE RIGHTS: The simplest way to define objective rights is “what is right in a general term”. We are talking about a right which is same for every single human being in a society. Objective right governs an organised society and provides rights which are necessary for living.

For example: The right to serve your community, The right to bury the dead etc.

SUBJECTIVE RIGHTS: Subjective rights reduces the general concept of Objective right to a minimal subjective level, means it is only attributed to a subject. Here the word “I” comes in place of “We”. For example:

I have a right to liberty, I have a right to property etc.

These rights do not state what is right in general but rather speak of rights as something that someone possesses. The category of “subjective rights” that constitute the idea of human rights we are familiar with.

WHY WE THINK IT IS INALIENABLE:

The notion of today’s human rights which we think is inalienable and divine gift from a divine being started from a very familiar concept. The concept of Christianity. Christianity says “each individual has a soul”. Because the soul exists independently both from one’s personal qualities and the community one belongs to, it becomes possible to view human beings not as a social unit but an abstract human being, who’s individual identity is much greater than society in a whole. Here the necessary objective rights which creates ‘order’ in society is replaced by ‘will’ of individuals. So nowadays when people often claim that without human rights a society would plunge into chaos, the ‘human rights’ they are talking about is subjective rights.

CAPITALISM AND HUMAN RIGHTS:

As we discussed before how today’s so called human rights was initially derived from dogmatic religious beliefs, Max Weber in his book “Protestant Ethic and the spirit of capitalism” writes how one of the key driving force of capitalism is Protestantism and protestant ethic which incorporates ‘self-interest’ which is similar to the ‘profit greed’ of capitalism. So, we can say the type of human rights today people are most concerned with is a result of capitalism. G.W.H. Hegel divided these modern liberal societies into two parts,

One is ‘Civil society’ which incorporates a society of market where private individuals pursue their private interests independently.

If you read our blogs then why not our magazine!!!
Image
Click here to subscribe our monthly magazine

The other is the ‘Political state’ wherein people get together to make a common collective decision.
Image
In today’s Liberal democratic states these two divisions are so much separated and alienated from man that, the human rights experts often talk about the rights of the civil society. Here is what Karl Marx had to say about human rights- “Above all we note the fact that the so called rights of man are nothing but the rights of civil society, the rights of egoistic man , of man separated from other men and from the community.”

So, let’s understand why are we say that civil society is separated from the state. Assume that you are charged with a criminal case and you want fair trial in court, the political state grants you this right of fair trial. But, as a member of civil society your trial will be fair with respect to your financial status means how expensive lawyer you can afford. This clearly implies that human rights today is just a tool gifted by the state or the ruling class to suppress the class struggle.

CONCLUSION:

Human rights are a symptom of a specific social and political configuration. Here we are not fighting the symptoms, we are fighting the disease. For this we have to uproot the current mode of production and establish a new regime, where collective decision is put ahead of individual interests, where profit oriented mode of production is replaced by collective mode of production, where separation between civil society and the political state will be lesser than what it is today. Then we wouldn’t have to beg for human rights in front of the ruling class, people will be powerful enough to maintain order and peace.

Hegel's Concept of Freedom and the Americans
Luis Lazaro Tijerina USA//9:09pm, Jul 4th '22

Hegel's Concept of Freedom and the Americans

The essence of freedom in the political and the personal sense can be found in the fusion of the individual and the State. For the two indecencies, although independent, are dependent on each other for....

Read More
Starvation cannot bring the resilient Cubans to their knees
Chathura Dissanayake Srilanka//12:14pm, Jan 6th '22

Starvation cannot bring the resilient Cubans to their knees

Cubans will be celebrating the 62nd national day on the 1st of January 2022. This anniversary celebration comes at a time when US administration has imposed economic sanctions and financial embargo in....

Read More
Painting New York Red
Sumedha Chatterjee Ireland//12:36am, Nov 4th '21

Painting New York Red

American politics is led by three corporations in a trench coat. The two party system supposedly offers 'choices' to millions of American voters who place immense faith on the ballot box to bring about....

Read More
CHAPTER III: WITHIN THE WALLS: A memoir of the plague in Quebec City
Luis Lazaro Tijerina USA//6:52pm, Jan 27th '22

CHAPTER III: WITHIN THE WALLS: A memoir of the plague in Quebec City

Chapter III- Part 2: The Citadelle of QuébecIt was in winter that the Plains of Abraham most enthralled me, and there, running on the ski trails or in the deep snow on the wooded paths that parallel the....

Read More
ZIMBABWE: Militant Teachers&rsquo Union Leaders Arrested for Murder
Ian Beddowes Zimbabwe//9:53am, Aug 4th '22

ZIMBABWE: Militant Teachers&rsquo Union Leaders Arrested for Murder

On 14th June 2022, the President of the Amalgamated Rural Teachers’ Union of Zimbabwe (ARTUZ), Comrade Obert Masaraure, was arrested and accused of the murder of Roy Issa as the teachers of Zimbabwe....

Read More
AN INSIGHT INTO THE ENERGY CRISIS IN THE UK
Sumedha Chatterjee Ireland//6:28pm, Feb 11th '22

AN INSIGHT INTO THE ENERGY CRISIS IN THE UK

‘THE GREAT ENERGY RIP-OFF’ published by the Communist Party UK makes a reasonable plea for the nationalization of the energy industry. Written by Stewart McGill and Richard Shillcock (Stewart McGill....

Read More